South America

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  • Brazil is the largest country in South America.
  • The capital city is Brasilia, while the largest city is Sao Paulo.

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  • The Amazon River flows through Brazil, it is the 2nd longest river in the world (after the Nile).
  • Brazil is home to a wide range of animals, including armadillo, tapirs, jaguars and pumas.
  • Football is the most popular sport in Brazil

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  • One of the world’s wonders, Christ the Redeemer, overlooks a country that is a wonder in itself.
  • The country’s motto is “Ordem e Progresso”, meaning “order and progress”.
  • Brazil has been the world’s largest exporter of coffee for 150 years. It supplied around 80 per cent of the world’s coffee in the 1920s; that figure has fallen to around a third.
  • Brazil has more than 4,000 airports – more than any other country other than the US.
  • According to a 2007 report, there are at least 70 uncontacted tribes in the Brazilian Amazon.



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  • second largest (after Brazil) in South America
  • The name Argentina comes from the Latin word for sliver ‘argentum’.
  • The Aconcagua is considered the second highest of the world’s Seven Summits after Mount Everest which is in Asia.

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  • The capital city of Argentina is Buenos Aires.
  • Argentine beef is famous around the world.
  • Football is their most popular sport.
  • There are over 30 national parks in Argentina.
  • Argentina are the only country to celebrate “Friendship Day”.

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  • Argentina’s diverse landscape and large land area set the stage for the extreme temperatures and even more extreme landscapes. It’s home to some of the most spectacular waterfalls on the planet and sets records in extremes for huge rivers and wildlife diversity.
  • In Argentina there are also native snakes such as the tropical rattle snake or the crossed pit viper, both of them are very poisonous.

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  • A famous Argentine invention is the tango dance, which originated in Buenos Aires at the end of the 19th century.



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  • 99% of the population speak Spanish, the official language of Colombia.
  • Colombia is the only country in South America that has a coastline on both the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.

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  • Colombia is the world’s leading source of emeralds and its coffee is world-renown.
  • Colombia has a vibrant music scene.
  • Exports: Petroleum, coffee, coal, apparel, bananas, cut flowers.
  • Climate: Tropical; hot and wet along coasts and eastern plains, cooler in highlands



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  • Ecuador’s main exports include oil, bananas, sugar cane, shrimp, cotton and coffee.
  • Ecuador has numerous volcanoes that make up its terrain. Many of them are still considered active.

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  • Iguana Park is located in Guyaquil, Ecuador and it is a safe haven for Iguanas.
  • Amazon in Ecuador

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  • The Galapagos islands are 1,000 km offshore. The 13 volcanic islands form the world’s 2nd largest nature reserve.
  • Ecuador is one of the the world’s largest exporters of quinoa.

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  • There are 1,600 species of bird, about 16% of the earth’s total.



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  • Peru contains the second largest segment of the Amazon rainforest after Brazil.
  • The potato is originally from Peru, and there are over 3,000 different varieties.
  • Peru grows more than 55 varieties of corn

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  • Peru is a surfer’s paradise. Chicama has the world’s longest left-handed wave at 4km’s long, and Mancora (close by) has the world’s largest left-handed point-break.

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  • Machu Picchu was lost to the Amazon Jungle for hundreds of years, until it was re-discovered by Hiram Bingham the American explorer.
  • Peru is home to the highest sand dune in the world. Cerro Blanco located in the Sechura Desert
  • The Grand Canyon may be vast, but the Cotahuasi Canyon near the city of Arequipa is actually the deepest canyon in the world.



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  • Bolivia has the world’s largest butterfly sanctuary.

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  • The most dangerous road in the world is in Bolivia—“The Road of Death”
  • One of the attractions is salt desert, the Salar de Uyuni, the largest salt deposit concentration worldwide.

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  • Bolivia is thought to be the origin of many types of foods including varieties of peppers, chili peppers, the peanut, the common bean, the yucca, and hosts more than 4,000 species of potato.

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  • Lake Titicaca in Bolivia the highest and deepest navigable lake in the world





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