Birds of the Amazon



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Macaws are beautiful, brilliantly coloured members of the parrot family.

Many macaws have vibrant plumage. The colouring is suited to life in Central and South American rain forests, with their green canopies and colourful fruits and flowers.

Macaws are intelligent, social birds that often gather in flocks of 10 to 30 individuals. Their loud calls, squawks, and screams echo through the forest canopy.

There are 17 species of macaws, and several are endangered. These playful birds are popular pets, and many are illegally trapped for that trade.



Small, hyperactive and amazingly adapted, hummingbirds are represented by more than 300 species.

Hummingbirds are the only birds that are nectar feeders, and they are attracted to red, orange and yellow flowers. Males are territorial, defending favoured flowers and nectar-rich plants.

Some of their unique adaptation includes the ability to rotate their wings through a 180-degree cycle.


Undoubtedly one of the most majestic Amazon birds, the harpy eagle is over a metre tall, and has a wingspan of 2 m.

There is almost no prey too large for the harpy eagle, which feeds on monkeys, sloths and birds.


The toucan is a ubiquitous symbol of the Amazon, instantly recognized by its colourful bill, which is almost the same length as its body. The plumage is equally colourful, and includes patches of green, yellow, red and white.


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